Hedgehogs are a national icon under threat.
|DID YOU KNOW?|
|Hedgehogs eat beetles, worms, slugs and caterpillars. Please do not feed them milk or bread.|
|Badgers are natural predators of hedgehogs but are not thought to be a cause of decline in numbers of hedgehogs.|
|Hedgehog fleas are different from cat and dog fleas and cause no harm to pets or humans.|
WAYS TO HELP
Make hedgehog trails
Hedgehogs need to roam for food and nesting.
Get together with your neighbours, cut a hole
in your fence or dig an underground tunnel
between gardens about the width of an adult's
hand. This helps other kinds of wildlife, too,
including frogs, toads and newts that help to
control the population of slugs in gardens.
Know the hazards
Check for hedgehogs before lighting bonfires,
strimming and mowing the lawn. Keep plant
netting, tennis nets, litter and household
rubbish above ground level so they do not get
entangled. Promptly clear harmful litter such
as cans and plastics. Let light into your garden
for ten minutes before you put your dog out at
night: hedgehogs avoid light and will have
time to get clear.
In cold or dry weather hedgehogs will benefit
from a dish of shallow water and meat-based
dog or cat food. Do not give them bread or
milk, which they cannot digest.
|Use natural pest control
Hedgehogs need prey such as slugs and beetles.
Wild About Gardens is a useful website about
natural pest control methods such
as nematodes for slugs.
|Make water safe
Hedgehogs are good swimmers but need an
escape route from pools and ponds. Make a
ramp from a plank covered in chicken wire
or create shallow areas at the edge so they
can scramble out.
|Make a place to nest
Log and leaf piles and wilderness areas are good
for nesting and hibernation as well as habitats
for the hedgehogs' food. Let some fallen leaves
and twigs lie and do not over-tidy the garden.
Report sightings and problems
Make a report when you see a hedgehog, whether
it is well or in difficulty or killed on a road. You
can report and follow sightings on the map below.
Hedgehog Rescue has details of rescue centres.
|Keep places wildlife-friendly
For hedgehog food, grow a wide variety of
plants in your garden. If you have paved
areas, grow plants in containers.
|SOME COMMON THREATS TO HEDGEHOGS|
|Fences without gaps or holes - hedgehogs need to roam over a thousand gardens.|
|Manicured gardens - they need long grass, leaf and wood piles for warmth and food.|
|Steep-sided pools - hedgehogs can swim but must have an escape route.|
|Slug pellets and pesticides - use natural pest control methods.|
|Paving and tarmac - paved areas reduce living and safe roaming space and food sources.|
Hedgehog in trouble? Get advice and help.
All about hedgehogs
Wildlife information and report sightings
Richmond Biodiversity Partnership